Bridging this time gap with the SAMR modelThe only way to ensure students will navigate easily the demands of the future high-tech workplace is to use ed-tech in the classroom as much as possible but most of all, as effective as possible. Using tech for tech’s sake is not a viable solution, but there are various ways the use of technology in school instruction ca lead to improved academic results for students. The problem is, there are still plenty of teachers who are reluctant to that idea or are simply not as tech-savvy as they should be. Some of them even remember Encyclopedia Britannica as la crème de la crème in terms of studying materials. (Check out this candid reaction of teens to the idea of encyclopedias). They may all use some form of technology for classroom instruction, but the level of ed-tech integration varies from school to school and from teacher to teacher. The SAMR Model gives a helping hand in this situation. The SAMR model for technology integration in education has been developed and popularized by Dr. Reuben Puentedura, who is the founder and president of Hippasus, an educational consulting firm, and a member of the Maine Learning Technology Initiative support team. The model helps teachers integrate, design, infuse and develop technology-driven learning experiences for their students. This framework is made up of 4 levels:
- Substitution – Technology acts as a direct tool substitute, with no functional change. At this level teachers or students are only using new tech tools to replace old ones; for example, using Google Docs instead of Microsoft Word. The task (writing) is the same but the tools are different.
- Augmentation – Technology acts as a direct tool substitute, with functional improvement. Continuing the Google Docs example, instead of only writing a document and having to manually save it and share it with others, this new tool provides extra services like auto saving, auto syncing, and auto sharing in the cloud.
- Modification – Technology allows for significant task redesign. It’s a step forward from augmentation, as technology transform students’ learning. Using the Google Docs example, peers or teachers can use the commenting tool to collaborate and share feedback on a given task.
- Redefinition – Technology allows for the creation of new tasks, previously inconceivable. Students and teachers use technology to actually create new things or improve others. Examples include students connecting to classrooms across the world, adding voice comments to documents, creating iBooks, creating collaborative mind maps, documents, presentations, etc.
Read more: How to achieve ed-tech integration using the SAMR Model